In recent years, average temperatures have increased significantly on a global scale. Global warming, a phenomenon that some people still refuse to acknowledge, nevertheless leads to some noticeable environmental changes.
Moreover, some studies claim that a 5-degree temperature increase, which could occur during this century, will change the geographical distribution of insect species, as well as their reproductive cycles.
With this data in hand, it makes sense to question the effects of global warming on insect infestations.
Arrival of new pest species
All living beings have the ability to adapt to the environment around them. Those who fail ultimately end up migrating or dying out.
Certain environmental factors are determinant when it comes to explaining why certain pest populations are more present in Quebec than ever before. As such, larger food reserves, an adequate water supply and warmer temperatures encourage the migration of some species to areas further north.
Areas in the southern part of the province are therefore likely to see an increase in the number of insect species whose habitat is limited to more temperate United States regions over the next few years.
With these new species also come new diseases that can be transmitted to humans. Certain tick varieties that can transmit Lyme disease are now much more present in Quebec. This phenomenon isn’t about to subside and an increasing number of insects that are potentially dangerous to human health will invade the province.
More severe infestations due to accelerated reproduction
Research has shown that insect species living in warmer regions are more likely to experience rapid population growth because they have faster metabolisms and reproduce more frequently. This fact is most worrisome for scientists who believe that global warming could lead to an increase in the number of annual breeding cycles. This would of course result in problematic infestations, since insects would be able to multiply even more quickly.
This phenomenon is also amplified by the earlier arrival of spring and the later arrival of cold temperatures in autumn. This Quebec reality extends the activity period of insects such as green flies, which also promotes an increase in the number of breeding cycles. Add in the higher humidity levels because of the heat and you have all the ingredients for an insect invasion.
The impact on Quebec pest control services
Quebec exterminators face a major challenge due to these prime infestation conditions brought about by climate change. Their arsenal of pesticides, as effective as it may be, will have to be improved to cope with new and sometimes more resistant species.
Increased reproductive speed will also increase the amount of pesticides needed to control six-legged intruders.
In short, extermination strategy specialists, such as the Elite Pest Control team, must be on alert and prepare to face an increasing number of varied insects.
Contact us to learn more about the subject and protect yourself against infestations.